Treatment of arrhythmias
Constant technological development is ensuring more and more possibilities in cardiology. There is significant progress in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, both in terms of diagnosis and treatment.
An aortic aneurysm is the dilatation of the aorta. The aorta is the largest vessel in the body which starts from the heart, passes through the chest and abdomen and at the level of the navel divides into the two iliac arteries which end in the arteries of the lower limbs.
Long-term elevated blood pressure hypertension causes arteriosclerosis resulting in narrowing or blockage of the arteries and reduced blood supply to important organs that can lead to ischaemia of the heart (coronary heart disease, angina or heart attack) or brain (stroke) or kidney damage.
Coronary artery disease
Coronary artery disease occurs when the central blood vessels that supply the heart with blood and oxygen are damaged. This is due to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques on the walls of the arteries. The reduced blood flow can cause chest pain, with reflection in the back, neck or left arm, shortness of breath, dizziness, nausea, tachycardia and arrhythmias.
The most common cardiac arrhythmia which can lead to major complications such as vascular stroke. It is treated with medication and also invasively, with the method of ablation.
The inability of the heart to supply blood to the various organs of the body is called heart failure. Heart failure can be caused by problems in the contraction of the heart (inability to pump blood out) or in the expansion of the heart (inability to fill the heart).
Hypercholesterolemia is defined as an increase in blood cholesterol above normal. People have limited abilities to break down cholesterol, so in increased amounts it builds up in the blood. Excess cholesterol is deposited in the blood vessels and makes it difficult for blood to flow.
In cardiomyopathies there is or is abnormal texture of the myocardium, most commonly of the left ventricle but some forms also involve the right ventricle. They are serious conditions with implications for quality and life expectancy. The main forms are dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy of the left ventricle and arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy of the right ventricle.